There are two major classes of child custody. The first, physical custody, focuses on where a child will reside and under whose supervision the child will be.
The second type, legal custody, describes the parent’s rights and their responsibilities to make the decisions relating to the health, education, and welfare of the child.
Either type of custody may be awarded to one parent (“sole custody”) or to both parents (“joint custody”).
Parents that separate will need to have a plan for deciding how their children will be cared for and where they will live or spend time. Sometimes parents can agree to a parenting plan, and other times they need the help of the court to come up with a plan that is in the best interest of their children. This section will explain the law about custody and visitation (also called “parenting time”) of children, and how to ask for a court order, respond to a request, change an existing order, or enforce an order.